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Prolapse

Prolapse

Prolapse Pelvic organ prolapsed(POP) is one of the common clinical conditions met in day-to-day gynecological practice especially among parous women. The entity includes the descent of the vaginal wall and/or the uterus. It is, in fact, a form of hernia. Pelvic organ prolapses are graded either via the Baden–Walker System, Shaw’s System, or the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) System.…

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PIH – PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION

PIH – PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION

PIH – PREGNANCY INDUCED HYPERTENSION Pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is a form of high blood pressure in pregnancy. Pregnancy-induced hypertension is also called toxemia or preeclampsia. It occurs most often in young women with a first pregnancy. It is more common in twin pregnancies, and in women who had PIH in a previous pregnancy. Usually, there are three primary characteristics of…

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Uterine Anomalies And It’s Treatment Options

Uterine Anomalies And It’s Treatment Options

Uterine Anomalies And Its Treatment Options. Uterine malformation or anomalies is a type of female genital malformation resulting from abnormal development of the  Müllerian duct (s) during embryogenesis. MULLERIAN DUCT ANOMALIES Three main principles govern the practical approach to Mullerian anomalies. 1. Mullerian and Wolffian ducts are so closely related embryologically that Mullerian anomalies are commonly associated with anomalies of kidney…

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AUB – CURRENT NOMENCLATURE AND TREATMENT

AUB – CURRENT NOMENCLATURE  AND TREATMENT

AUB – CURRENT NOMENCLATURE AND TREATMENT. Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is a broad term that describes irregularities in the menstrual cycle involving frequency, regularity, duration, and volume of flow outside of pregnancy. Up to one-third of women will experience abnormal uterine bleeding in their life, with irregularities most commonly occurring at menarche and perimenopause. A normal menstrual cycle has a…

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HYSTORY TAKING IN FEMALE AND MALE INFERTILITY

HYSTORY  TAKING  IN  FEMALE  AND  MALE  INFERTILITY

HYSTORY TAKING IN FEMALE AND MALE INFERTILITY. WHAT IS INFERTILITY? Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system that prevents the conception of children. The diagnosis of infertility is usually given to couples who have been attempting to conceive for at least 1 year without success. Conception and pregnancy are complicated processes that depend upon a number of factors, including:…

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DERMOID CYST

DERMOID CYST

DERMOID CYST Teratomas also known as are most common germ cell neoplasm. Most,but not all, teratomas are benign.The component tissues in a  teratoma range from immature to well differentiated, and are foreign to the anatomic site in which they are found. Teratomas are divided into four categories: mature (cystic or solid,benign,immature (malignant),malignant due to a component of another somatic malignant…

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Hysteroscopic Morcellation

Hysteroscopic Morcellation

Hysteroscopic Morcellation Hysteroscopic Morcellator is the most recent innovation in hysteroscopic treatment, delivering several advantages over conventional techniques for the removal of submucosal myomas and endometrial polyps. It is quicker, simpler, safer lesion removal In hysteroscopic morcellation, tissue delivered into a trap, or collecting pouch. This allows for complete capture and histopathologic assessment of all fragments extracted. Introduction of uterine…

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Time-Lapse Technology

Time-Lapse Technology

Time-lapse technology Laparoscopy has become an integral part of gynecologic surgery for the diagnosis and treatment of abdominal and pelvic disorders of the female reproductive organs. Endoscopic reproductive surgery intended to improve fertility may include surgery on the uterus, ovaries, pelvic peritoneum, and the Fallopian tubes. ENDOSCOPIC TUBAL SURGERY A variety of procedures is collectively known as tubal surgery; salpingo-ovariolysis…

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BASIC INVESTIGATIONS FOR MALE AND FEMALE FERTILITY.

BASIC INVESTIGATIONS FOR MALE AND FEMALE FERTILITY.

BASIC INVESTIGATIONS FOR MALE AND FEMALE FERTILITY. 1)To detect the etiological factor(s). 2) To rectify the abnormality in an attempt to improve the fertility. 3)To give assurance with explanation to the couple if no abnormality is detected. When to investigate: The infertile couple should be investigated after one year of regular unprotected intercourse with adequate frequency. The interval is however,…

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Isthmocele incidence,causes,treatment and emergency

Isthmocele incidence,causes,treatment and emergency

Isthmocele incidence,causes,treatment and emergency Isthmoceles have an incidence of 19-88% following cesarean section. This wide range is due to discrepancies in study technique, diagnostic criteria, and patient characteristics. Isthmocele is pocket like cesarean scar defect. This defect contains debris, mucus and blood which is responsible from symptoms like postmenstrual bleeding, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, infertility. It is often associated with postmenstrual abnormal uterine bleeding which…

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